Blue Screen Error or Death Screen In Windows

We have all experienced a moment of panic, unexpectedly displaying a blue screen error on the computer and start the system reboot, after receiving notification that it is due to an error.
Most of the times nothing happens, but sometimes it is only the beginning of a series of conflicts.

What is the blue screen, death screen or STOP?

A blue screen error is a system generated an alert. Upon receiving one of the critical error messages, the default solution for the system is to gather as much information as possible, save it, and turn off the computer to prevent damage.
When an error caused by a non-recoverable software or hardware problem occurs on our computer, Windows shuts down or restarts the computer.

Blue screen
When this happens, a blue screen sometimes appears with the message “A problem has been found, and Windows has been shut down to prevent damage to the computer.” Other times, the message will be displayed after the computer has been restarted, stating that “Windows has recovered from a serious error or an unexpected shutdown. ”

These errors are known as blue screen errors or death screen, are caused by:

  1. Software problems, i.e. programs installed or running incompatible with the operating system, drivers added to the system, etc. Or
  2. Hardware errors, Caused by devices physically connected to our computer.

Every time an error occurs and the blue screen is there, you will see in a brief interval of time, a sort of countdown. It means that a memory dump is happening or it is collecting the information that contains the technical data that Windows can get over the problem and write a log (text file) that is saved in the Minidump folder, which is in the path: C: \ Windows \ Minidump.

Causes of Blue Screen Errors

Reasons of the blue screen errors are:

  1. software failures,
  2. fatal errors due to physical failures in RAM or
  3. Hard disk.

Make it impossible For Windows to generate any report.
In such cases there is what is known as black screen of death, consists of a total block in which it is only possible to exit by manually resetting the RESET button or physically shutting down from the power source.
They can sometimes happen by dust particles or other external objects such as garbage, hair, wires in electrical contacts of the motherboard, which is solved by proper maintenance.

 Error codes STOP (Blue Screen)

Windows generates error codes in case of any failure detected by the system; the messages have numbering that corresponds to errors in a particular application.

There are different types of error codes, but those get generate when the blue screen comes, known specifically as “STOP Error Codes” (BSOD).
Some STOP error codes share numbering with other error types but are completely different, with different messages and meaning. All error codes are displayed in hexadecimal format beginning with a 0x.

       e.g.: a viral error code in blue screen errors is the STOP 0x0000008E. we can also describe it in short notation by removing all zeros after the x, for example, a way to abbreviate the STOP 0x0000008E is STOP 0x8E.

STOP codes frequently generated in blue screen errors.

“STOP: 0x0000008E” “KERNEL_MODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED”

The most famous and feared, the possible causes of this error can be the following:

  1. Damage to the hard drive.
  2. Damage to the registry.
  3. General hardware configuration issues with the BIOS, memory, hard drive, or other devices.
  4. Incompatible device driver.
  5. The software is incompatible.

Solutions may be the following:

  1. Boot the system using the Last Known Good Configuration option.
  2. Use the Back to Previous Driver feature.
  3. Use System Restore.
  4. Examine newly installed hardware.

“STOP: 0x1000007f” “UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP” 

A fairly frequent error, commonly caused by the following reasons:

  1. The disparity of two RAM modules used.
  2. The incorrect configuration in the setup of the speed of operation of the RAM, to choose the automatic mode or a lower speed.
  3. The drivers of the card or video adapter.

Other common STOP error codes:

  1. ” STOP: 0x00000016 “” CID_HANDLE_CREATION “
  2. ” STOP: 0x00000028 “” CORRUPT_ACCESS_TOKEN “
  3. Again ” STOP: 0x00000056 “”INSTRUCTION_COHERENCY_EXCEPTION “
  4. “STOP: 0x00000002” “DEVICE_QUEUE_NOT_BUSY”
  5. “STOP: 0x00000005” “INVALID_PROCESS_ATTACH_ATTEMPT”
  6. Next is “STOP: 0x00000006” “INVALID_PROCESS_DETACH_ATTEMPT”
  7. “STOP: 0x00000007” “INVALID_SOFTWARE_INTERRUPT”
  8. “STOP : 0x00000008 “” IRQL_NOT_DISPATCH_LEVEL “
  9. Then ” STOP: 0x00000009 “” IRQL_NOT_GREATER_OR_EQUAL “
  10. ” STOP: 0x00000016 “” CID_HANDLE_CREATION “
  11. ” STOP: 0x00000028 “” CORRUPT_ACCESS_TOKEN “
  12. And ” STOP: 0x00000056 “”INSTRUCTION_COHERENCY_EXCEPTION “
  13. “STOP: 0x00000003” “INVALID_AFFINITY_SET”
  14. “STOP: 0x00000004” “INVALID_DATA_ACCESS_TRAP”

Identify and obtain STOP error information in the Windows Event Viewer:

Another option available to get STOP error information in Windows is the Windows Event Viewer.
The Event Viewer keeps a record of absolutely all events occurring in Windows, organized by branches and identified by its ID (identity), so you can search for information on all of the STOP errors registered on your computer.

How to use the Event Viewer?

  • Type in Start Event Viewer or eventvwr.msc and press Enter. 
  • In the left pane opens Windows Logs -> System. Look for the events of ID 1001; you will find the information and description of the error that you are looking for by the date and time it happened.
    • To find all events of the same ID, in the right panel choose Create Custom View and follow the instructions.

Configure memory dump reports created after an error

There are three types of memory dump or debug report (creation of error reports), which we can set up.
To do so, go to:

**My Computer > System Properties > Advanced System Settings > Advanced tab and in Start and Recovery click the Settings button**.

  1. Small memory dump (128 KB): If it is working, it will generate a minidump in the location windows \ minidump.
  2. Kernel memory dump: It is the default option in Windows 7 Ultimate: kernel is rolled over and in most cases is sufficient to diagnose the error.
  3. Complete memory dump: It is the most advanced option, necessary in more extreme cases. For the full DMP to work, it is mandatory to have the paging file on the same partition on which we have Windows. It will generate the file MEMORY.DMP.

Prevent Windows from restarting automatically after a blue screen error

It is possible in the same window of Start and Recovery uncheck the Automatic box restart, in that case, the system detects a mistake will not restart. This logically is not advisable but you can use it in cases where we are sure that the cause of the error is not traumatic and get repeat sometimes, in any event, it must be an interim solution until you can apply another solution.

How to analyze the logs generated by blue screen errors?

Minidump folder stores log files which are .log files, the file name contains the date and other numbers, it looks something like this: 050811-33353-01.dmp. Unfortunately, will not help try to open them to see the Information it contains if it is not with a program or application for that purpose.
Microsoft provides the necessary tools to analyze the logs in memory dumps, which you can have by Installing Debugging Tools for Windows, download it
To use this tool, you need some advanced knowledge, since it is for developers.

How to update the driver or driver of a device with conflicts?

Updating the driver for a device with conflicts is not difficult, access the Device Manager.

  1. For that, type or paste in Start devmgmt.msc and press Enter. 
  2. Look for your device in the list. Usually, it will show a question mark that will allow you to identify it.
  3. Right-click on it and select: Update driver software, follow the steps in the wizard.
  4. If you do not find the device in the list, in the View menu select: Show hidden devices, if it does not already appear select: View Devices by the connection.
Blue screen
Update drivers

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