Major Political Events After Independence That Changed India Forever

Our Country INDIA has seen many ups and downs since Independence. From Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru to Narendra Modi, Every Prime Minister contributed to country’s development with all they have. Some “Pseudonationalists” criticize the previous Prime Ministers for things they could not do, but the truth is, all the events India sees right now is the result of all predecessor’s Efforts. Many Political Events After Independence occur in India which is responsible for shaping our country politically. Some of them were big disasters; Others were political achievements. Some people believe few things could be avoided; some have an alternate point of view. Right in this Article, I will try to briefly describe a list of the significant Political Events After Independence (As per my knowledge). In some facts, I might be wrong, so feel free to correct me wherever you feel to


1.  Assassination Of Mahatma Gandhi Ji:

The killing of Gandhi Ji was the biggest shocker for Indians after Independence. India was still trying to get over the pain of Post Independence riots. And the first Terrorist of Independent India, Nathu Ram Godse, and his group, was planning to kill Gandhi. This was the big blow for India, and some believe if Gandhi Ji were to live for few more years, India would be different.

Mahatma Gandhi dead body


2. The accession of J & K, Hyderabad and Junagarh:

hindustan times report on J&K accession

During independence struggle, India constituted of British regions and about 560 independent sovereign states. Both Hyderabad & Jammu and Kashmir were free royal states. The king of Hyderabad and Jammu and Kashmir didn’t want to associate with any of the two countries, India or Pakistan.

Eventually, Hyderabad was affixed by the Indian army attack on them under the leadership of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, while the king of Jammu and Kashmir himself agree to sign “Instrument Of Accession” to unite with the Indian union when Pakistan invade it.  Referendum leads to affixation of Junagarh.

So clearly speaking, Hyderabad was annexed by India by force, but Junagarh & Jammu and Kashmir were not.


3. Division Of States by State Reorganisation Commission:

There was a huge demand from different provinces, mainly Southern India, for the restructuring of States on linguistic basis. Hence, in June 1948, the Government of India designated the Linguistic state Commission (Dhar commission) under the leadership of Justice Dhar to analyze the practicability of organizing states on the Linguistic basis.

The Commission discarded the linguistic basis of reorganization and recommended it by following criterions:

  • Demographic contiguity
  • Economic self-dependence
  • Administrative viability
  • The potential for growth.

However, the committee also said that the dilemma might be re-examined if public demands.

Pandit Nehru was inflexible on formulating states on the basis of language, race, ethnicities, faith, etc. But he miscalculated the power of these constituents. In 53, the government has to create the state of Andhra Pradesh on the linguistic basis for Telugu speaking people. It was under the pressure of agitation after the death of Potti Sriramulu after a hunger sit-in for more than two months. Therefore, the first linguistic divides state of Andhra Pradesh was formed.


4. Panchsheel Doctrine and Indo-China War:

Some “Extra Intelligent” Governments are now changing the chapters in Books claiming India defeated China in 1962 war. But as we know, India lost that fight and owned land to China. Both were developing nations with a history. After the European colonization in the 19th century, both were getting in shape in the 20th century. But, both the countries could not determine how far their boundaries went as the nations grew and declined at times. China and India had two main border issue:

  • Aksai Chin in Jammu and Kashmir – Johnson line;
  • Arunachal Pradesh in North East states – McMahon line.
Unprepared army in Indo-china war 1962
Unprepared army in Indo-china war 1962

In the late fifties, the Chinese counterpart had talks with Nehru on the boundaries on some instants. China was willing to let go its claim over Arunachal Pradesh. In correspondence, it wanted India to do likewise for Aksai Chin (Quid Pro Quo). In any case, Aksai Chin due to its unfriendly terrain was useless for India.

Not only did Nehru disagree, but he chose to move with the ill considered Forward policy which ultimately back fired and ended in the War.

This was like a blow to the slumbering nationalism of India. Someone, we found our friend (Hindi-Cheeni Bhai-Bhai), had crushed us. Nehru was so heartbroken that he died (Ramchandra Guha in his book, “India After Gandhi” suggests that Sheikh Abdullah was on the brink of solving the Kashmir Problem when the news of Nehru’s demise reach to him after which the process stopped).

The Panchsheel agreement comes into light in 1954. It contained 5 basic points. This pact was meant to kick start a strategic channel on a positive note & to recognize each other’s national uprightness. This agreement beamed at breaking the ice to bring both states together.


5. The demise of  Sh. Lal Bahadur Shastri:

It’s a fact that if Shashtri had not died in Moscow that day, It could have cascading effects:

  1. Indira Gandhi wouldn’t have come to power ever.
  2. Probably Congress family reign in India would have ended.
  3. 1971 war might not have happened.
  4. Bangladesh would still be struggling for freedom.
  5. Black days of Emergency would not be in Indian history
  6. Janta Party wouldn’t have won the election and would not have made a joke out of themselves.
  7. Indira Gandhi wouldn’t have recovered the power.
  8. Bhindranwale would not have risen with the aide of Sanjay Gandhi, Golden Temple wouldn’t have been dishonored.
  9. 1984could be avoided. And so on.
Lal Bahadur Shashtri Death 1966
Lal Bahadur Shashtri: Death 1966

Are you getting my point? Sure, these all seem like wishful hypotheses in review today, but India would have been a different (possibly better) country had Shastri come alive from Moscow.


6. Hindu Code Bill 1956:

The modification of Hindu Law assured that the Indian State should intervene into secluded law in the concerns of delivering the social change. This step marks the beginning of welfare bill.


7. 1965 War of India-Pakistan:

War of India-Pakistan 1965 is a breakthrough event in the History of our Nations which were once singular entities. It is the legend of the dishonesty of the western aid to both the countries and some event which changed all the geopolitical equations in Asia. Both of the countries have their own versions of the result of the War. Though Many neutral observers had punctured PPakistan’sclaim of victory time to time.


2: Major Political Event After Independence That Changed India Forever (1970-2000)

Part 3: Major Post Independence political events That Changed India Forever (2000 Onward)

Part 4: Milestones achieved by Indian Economy After Independence


 

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