Major Post Independence political events That Changed India Forever (2000 Onward)

In the Previous Posts, there was a brief idea about political events that occur before Kargil War. Now let us see what Happened in India during and after the year 2000. This includes Kargil war, Gujarat Riots, Anna Movement, 2004 and 2014 general elections, etc.

1. Kargil War:

The Kargil war was not a conventional war. The boundary encroachment by Pakistan did not lead to full-scale India vs Pakistan war but was in a particular area with limited troops intentness. Another major factor was that Pakistan had not declared war but had maintained that the invasion was by Mujahideen groups and not their military. India’s PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee was trying his best to improve the relationship with Pakistan before Kargil happened. But after Kargil and humiliating defeat of Pakistan in Kargil sector, the relationship turned sore, and we still see the regular conflict at our borders.


2. Gujarat Riots:

There are thousands of versions of Gujarat Riots 2002. Supporters of Mr. Modi claim one thing, and opposition has entirely different stories. But these things are facts that:

Gujarat Riots Man crying
Gujarat Riots
  • Gujarat Riots (or massacre) was the result of Godhra Riots where a train full of “Kar Sevak” was burned.
  • This news has a cascading effect on already tensed Gujarat, and riots begin.
  • Some believe that state machinery was fully supporting particular fringe groups and did not help the other side. (Confession of some Hindu extremist convicted in riot case is on tape, google it).
  • The opposition also claims that State government stayed passive initially as they wanted to let the people “Vent their Anger.” (But many reports claim otherwise too)
  • This is the status of Gujarat Riot cases till June 2016.
  • When supporters of Mr. Narendra Modi claims that he has no role in 2002 riots whatsoever, they should also explain why his government opposed the death sentence of Supreme Court convicted terrorist Maya Kodnani in Naroda Patiya Riots 2002 case.
  • The total victims of Gujarat Riots were 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus (Official figures given by state government of that time).
MayaKodnani and Babu Bajarangi
Maya Kodnani and Babu Bajarangi: Convicted Terrorists in Gujarat Riots

One could say that Gujarat Riots Helped Mr. Narendra Modi to retain power after he dissolved assembly in  2002 and won again to become invincible after 2002.

  • Also, PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee wanted him to Resign after riots and remind him of  “Rajdharma” in a press conference. But Its a fact that one of the strongest leader (now unfortunately thrown in Margdarshak Mandal) of that time Sh. L.K. Advani opposed it.
  • It’s a fact that SIT made by Supreme Court of India gave the clean chit to Mr. Modi in a case filed by someone saying state government was involved in this massacre.
  • But it’s also a fact that if Congress party leadership is still responsible for 84 riots, Akhilesh Yadav’s SP is responsible for Muzzafarnagar riots (they also claim to do everything to stop it, and no cases are going on against them), Then Narendra Modi is guilty for more than 3000 death occur under his failed leadership.

3. Vajpayee Government Departure 2004:

How Indian National Congress win in 2004 General Elections in spite of good image of Vajpayee Government????
So, this is one of the events which no political pundits can answer fully. You may call it the luck of Indian National Congress or the bad luck of BJP, it’s accurate to say that the “India Shining campaign: backfired in favor of Indian National Congress. Also, Gujarat Riots, week role of central government and Vajpayee in intervening in the situation, leads to this unfortunate defeat. Vajpayee was a good leader. One more tenure of him would be perfect for India.


4. Rise and Fall Of Manmohan Singh:

After the victory of Sonia Gandhi over Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2004 general election, Sonia Gandhi was all set to become PM. But surprisingly, she “sacrificed” his seat for great economist Manmohan Singh.

For Manmohan Singh, the nation can correlate two distinctive personalities.The cool Cambridge University graduate who rescued India from the bankruptcy in the 90s & the other one, who was just a “Puppet” in Sonia Gandhi’s hands.

He led the nation to an 8.5% GDP growth close to 10 years tenure, and his tenure has significant achievements like:

Manmohini

  • RTI,
  • RTE,
  • Food Security Bill,
  • Land Aquisition Bill,
  • Mobile Penetration in India
  • Peace in the valley (compare the vote % in valley with post-2014 elections)
  • MNREGA
  • India-US Civil Nuclear pact etc.

Though UPA-2 government under Manmohan Singh from the another half was very tacky, corrupt, incredibly useless and impotent, UPA 1 was kind of opposite to UPA-2. Their flagship programs are worth the recognition. Even the present NDA government is still carrying forward at least 100 of the schemes brought by MMS government (though names changed). That’s why Manmohan Singh got re-elected with a greater majority in 2009.

Manmohan Singh could not act independently in UPA 2, and scam after scam lead to degradation of his image. People felt like a Vaccum in politics. And then Narendra Modi rise and seems to be fit to fill this hole.


Mumbai Terror Attack 2008 (26/11):

Mumbai Terror Attack of 26/11
Mumbai Terror Attack. Source: Indian Express

The terror attack by Pakistani terrorists occurred on November 26, 2008, and popularly known as the attack of 26/11.

Recurring attacks happen in various parts of the Mumbai: the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station, Taj hotel, a Christian cafe, etc. Overall, officially, 166 people died in this Pakistan sponsored attack.

Before terror attack of 26/11, media was not used to cover terror acts the way they did 26/11. There was an almost live coverage of the battle between the Indian defense forces and the Pakistani terrorists. Kasab, the only pig, caught breathing by the police was later sentenced to death by Supreme court.


6. Anna Hazare Movement 2012 And Rise of AAP and BJP:

2011-12 was the time when activists like Prashant Bhushan, Subrahmanyam Swamy and other RTI activists like Arvind Kejriwal, etc. were exposing Manmohan Government at every step for its corruption. Judiciary played its role very well. But somehow people were not conscious about all that. And then Anna rose from nowhere with the help of activist groups and sat on Dharna against Government.

Anna, AAP & 2014 elections have molded the Indian politics forever.

  1. 2011-12 Anna Hazare’s Anti-Corruption crusade.
  2. 2012’s sudden rise of Aam Admi Party (Common Man’s Party) headed by Arvind Kejriwal and
  3. Modi’s solely well managed, social media led elections campaign 2014 have triggered a paradigm shift in the Indian politics as you might never see.

Anna Movement with Arvind Kejriwal

The well organized social media campaign, the rise of Anna Hazare, Aam Admi Party, Arvind Kejriwal and Narendra Modi led Bharatiya Janata Party in past three years threatened all the former oligarchs of politics intensely. Especially, the unprecedented rise of these two parties in 2013 & 2014 polarized the Indian politics badly.

It’s a fact that when Narendra Modi was in Gujarat and his central leadership was busy somewhere else, it was Team Anna and AAP, that make people rise against the corruption of Manmohan Singh led UPA government. People felt the Vaccum in Indian Politics like never before. And that was the time when Narendra Modi came riding a horse from nowhere and encashed Anna Movement in his favor.



Previous parts:

Part 1: Major Political Events After Independence That Changed India Forever

Part 2: Major Post Independence political events That Changed India Forever (1970-2000)

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